COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE BEARS WITNESS TO CENTURIES OF HISTORY
When you arrive at the city of Querétaro, it is inevitable to notice its greatness, but as you approach its center, the centuries that have passed through this splendid city are visible. The colonial architecture in such a clean city seems to be reborn after more than 200 years and the historical events that took place here remain alive.
Querétaro is one of the 13 heritage cities recognized by UNESCO in Mexico, you just have to know it in person.
The colossus that watches over the main entrance to Queretaro's capital is a vigorous Otomi Indian representing, no less, the founder of Queretaro. He was not born in the place, but came to settle, to achieve evangelization and conquest in a peaceful way, to avoid a real genocide. In return, the Spanish colony was able to live in peace with the indigenous cultures of the area, erecting in a short time one of the most beautiful cities in the country.
The city traced by Juan Sanchez de Alaniz make it possible that, at certain times of the year, the sunsets cross all the streets and avenues until the first picture, full of people the Jardín Zenea, hitting in front of the Temple of San Francisco that still has a figure of the apostle Santiago on its facade.
Both places are considered within the list of Historical Monuments of UNESCO, as well as the Palacio de Gobierno, the temple of San Agustin, the temple of Santa Clara, the temple of Santa Rosa de Viterbo, the Casa de la Marquesa, the Teatro de la República, the temple of La Cruz and the iconic Acueducto so characteristic of Queretaro, among other fabulous details that you can find in an afternoon in the Center of this capital.
The importance of Queretaro for Mexico's history is undeniable. If any character from Queretaro has survived the annals of history, it has been María Josefa Crescencia Ortiz Téllez Girón, known as La Corregidora, to whom we owe the famous priest Miguel Hidalgo who started the fight for the Independence of New Spain from the Spanish Crown. His house today is occupied by the Executive Power of the State Government, but also a place that you can visit, to admire the murals with historical motive that represent this passage, to imagine that you look at the place where the conspirators armed the plans of for the independence under the name of literary tertulias, to imagine the tension when being discovered, doña Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez locked up in her room and the face of Ignacio Perez when he received the message and its haste to find a horse to leave to all gallop towards San Miguel in search of Hidalgo.
Thus, other places of great historical importance await you a few blocks away. From the Palacio de Gobierno you go down again to the Zenea, cross it and walk on Juárez Street, a beautiful neoclassical building adorns the next corner. The Teatro de la República, formerly known as Iturbide, is the place where Mexico's National Anthem was premiered and where a group of constituent politicians from all over the country signed the Magna Carta in 1917 and gave life to Mexico's Political Constitution that governs us today.
And if that still doesn't convince you of the importance of Queretaro, the same street that crosses the Teatro de la República, you will find Cerro de las Campanas, where Emperor Maximilian of Habsburg was shot, the lineage of the then most powerful crown in Europe, and which would end the possibility of establishing an imperial regime in our country, a complicated passage of history that, however, has filled other places in Queretaro's Historic Center with anecdotes.
But why the temples? It is true that the Catholic faith marked the conquest and the social life of the entire country, but it did not leave everywhere the spectacular artistic expressions that you can find in the city, which was considered the third most important in New Spain in the mid-18th century and one of the busiest in the century of the conquest because it was part of the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, built by the Spaniards to transport silver and wealth from the country's Central West.
The temples have unique qualities, such as the peculiar baroque architecture of the Temple of Santa Rosa de Viterbo, which also has one of the most fascinating altarpieces inside its church, with an impressive variety of typical baroque forms in gold that adorn the walls, and likewise the altarpiece of the temple of Santa Clara, constructed to give way to the religious convictions of Diego de Tapia's daughter, granddaughter of the Otomi founder himself.
The richness of a viceroyalty city was captured in the city. The arrival of the Marqués de la Villa del Villar to the "very noble and loyal city of Santiago de Querétaro", left an emblematic legacy of the capital, the Aqueduct of Querétaro.